Top 6 Oral Acne Medication Options
Oral acne medication can be a great option when your acne has been resistant to regular topical treatments.
Classified as antibiotics, oral contraceptives or retinoids, oral acne medications treat acne from within.
Oral antibiotics kill bacteria that cause acne, reducing inflammation and preventing breakouts.
Oral contraceptives treat acne caused by overactive oil glands.
Retinoids reduce inflammation and regulate the production and shedding of skin cells.
Here are the top 6 rated oral medications for treating acne:
Erythromycin kills acne-causing bacteria to prevent new breakouts. This drug increases sun sensitivity, so avoid sunlight exposure or wear protective clothing if you have to spend time in the sun. Other side effects include diarrhea, vomiting, loss of appetite, vomiting and stomach pain.
Tetracycline is the most common and popular oral antibiotic prescribed today. It works by reducing inflammation and killing the bacteria that cause acne. Some common side effects of this medication include discoloration of the teeth, nausea, vomiting, upset stomach and diarrhea.
Doxycycline is usually used when a patient does not react to Tetracycline treatment. Doxycycline is a derivative of tetracycline and works by slowing the growth of acne-causing bacteria in the body. This antibiotic also increases sensitivity to sunlight, so avoid sun exposure during your treatment and use sunscreen. Doxycycline can also reduce the effectiveness of birth control pills, so consider using an alternate birth control method during treatment.
Minocycline reduces inflammation and kills bacteria. The anti-inflammatory effect leads to reduced swelling, tenderness and redness of pimples. However, Minocycline can sometimes cause discoloration to one’s skin.
Clindamycin suppresses the formation of bacterial proteins, resulting in fewer acne-causing bacteria. But Clindamycin can have the uncomfortable side effect of causing diarrhea, so it is not usually the first choice when it comes to oral acne medication.Anyone with a history of ulcerative colitis or gastroenteritis should avoid using clindamycin orally. Side effects of clindamycin include peeling skin, rash, itching, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation and inflammation of the esophagus.
Bactrim contains trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole, which both treat different types of bacterial infections. Avoid this medication if you have an allergy to any of its contents. The side effects of Bactrim include joint pain, insomnia, ringing in the ears, swollen tongue and dizziness.
All 6 of these oral acne medication options help to effectively treat acne from the inside out.
Treatment with oral antibiotics usually begins with a higher dosage, which is reduced as acne clears. Generally, antibiotics are prescribed for six months or less.As with all medications, especially antibiotics, it is very important to take your medication exactly as prescribed, to experience the full effectiveness.
When taken as prescribed you stand a better chance of controlling your acne.
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